Combining ideas on aesthetics and society, the manifesto is described by Mary Ann Caws (2001) as a “document of an ideology, crafted to convince and convert” in which language is employed as the medium itself, incorporating image and text beyond traditional design constraints. For the past century and more the manifesto has set out to fight injustice and denounce authority aiming to reduce confusion, consolidate opinion or secure a widespread consensus. The manifesto is framed as a material mode of incendiary debate, a flexible genre in which design mechanisms and mass-production have been manipulated across art and literature to actively engage the public.

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